biogenic sediment

sedimento biógeno; sedimento orgánico

English-Spanish dictionary of Geography . . 2007.

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  • Biogenic silica — (BSi) is the equivalent to the terms opal, biogenic opal, and amorphous opaline silica. BSi is essential to many plants and animals. Chemically, BSi is hydrated silica (SiO2• n H2O).Diatoms in both fresh and salt water extract silica from the… …   Wikipedia

  • marine sediment — Any deposit of insoluble material, primarily rock and soil particles, transported from land areas to the ocean by wind, ice, and rivers, as well as the remains of marine organisms, products of submarine volcanic activity, and chemical… …   Universalium

  • Cay — A cay (also spelled key or quay; pronounced as key IPA: /kiː/) is a small, low elevation, sandy island formed on the surface of coral reefs. Cays occur in tropical environments throughout the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans (including in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Passive margin — A passive margin is the transition between oceanic and continental crust which is not an active plate margin. It is constructed by sedimentation above an ancient rift, now marked by transitional crust. Continental rifting creates new ocean basins …   Wikipedia

  • Pelagic sediments — Pelagic sediment or pelagite is a fine grained sediment that has accumulated by the settling of particles through the water column to the ocean floor beneath the open ocean far from land. These particles consist primarily of either the… …   Wikipedia

  • Contourite — A contourite is a sedimentary deposit produced by thermohaline induced deepwater bottom currents and may be influenced by wind or tidal forces.[1][2] Most contourites are formed in continental rise to lower slope settings, although they may occur …   Wikipedia

  • Abiogenic petroleum origin — is a largely abandoned hypothesis that was proposed as an alternative to theory of biological petroleum origin. It was relatively popular in the past, but it went largely forgotten at the end of the 20th century after it failed to predict the… …   Wikipedia

  • global warming — an increase in the earth s average atmospheric temperature that causes corresponding changes in climate and that may result from the greenhouse effect. [1975 80] * * * Potential increase in global average surface temperatures resulting from… …   Universalium

  • Sedimentary rock — Middle Triassic marginal marine sequence of siltstones (below) and limestones (above), Virgin Formation, southwestern Utah, USA Sedimentary rock are types of rock that are formed by the deposition of material at the Earth s surface and within… …   Wikipedia

  • sedimentary facies — Different, but contemporaneous and juxtaposed, sedimentary rocks. Terrigenous facies are accumulations of particles eroded from older rocks and transported to the depositional site. Biogenic facies are accumulations of whole or fragmented shells… …   Universalium

  • Principal cosmogenic and uranium-thorium series radioisotopes — ▪ Table Principal cosmogenic and uranium thorium series radioisotopes radioisotope half life in years principal uses Cosmogenic isotope beryllium 10 1.5(106) dating marine sediment, manganese nodules, glacial ice, quartz in rock exposures,… …   Universalium

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